Wood Flooring Info

Click Here to see the manufacturing process of hardwood flooring

Hardwood Floors can be broken into FIVE CATEGORIES:

1. Acrylic Impregnated
A pre-finished product that through a high pressure treatment, acrylic and colour are forced in the pores throughout the thickness of the wood. The "finish" is inside the wood, creating an extremely hard surface. These floors are highly resistant to abrasion and moisture and appeal most often to commercial installations, but can be used residentially. The many styles available are the same as laminated floors.

2. Engineered/Laminate wood flooringAcrylic Impregnated Solid Oak Floor and Engineered Oak Floor
Engineered/Laminate Wood Flooring Solid and Engineered Wood Flooring Materials
Laminate wood flooring is produced by bonding layers of veneer and lumber with an adhesive. Laminate wood flooring is available in pre-finished and unfinished. These products are more dimensionally stable and are ideal for glue-down installation or float-in installation above grade, on grade or below grade, including basements and humid climates. Laminate wood flooring is produced in: Strip - thicknesses of 5/16", 3/8", 1/2" or 5/8" and in widths of 2" and 2-1/4" Plank - thicknesses of 5/16", 3/8", 1/2" or 5/8" and in widths of 3" to 8" Parquet - one-piece wood tile available in 9" x 9" or 8" x 8" and other patterns

3. Solid wood flooring
Solid wood flooring is completely lumber. It is available in unfinished and pre-finished. Solid wood flooring is produced in: Strip - in thicknesses of 1/2" or 3/4" in widths of 1-1/2, 2" and 2-1/4" Plank - in thicknesses of 1/2" or 3/4" and widths of 3" to 8" Parquet - geometrical patterns composed of individual wood slats held in place by mechanical fastening or an adhesive.

Wood Flooring Cuts - The angle at which a board is cut makes big differences in how the finished product looks. Wood flooring is either plainsawn, quartersawn or riftsawn. Plainsawn is the most common cut. The board contains more variation than the other two cuts because figure patterns resulting from the growth rings are more conspicuous. Quartersawing produces less board feet per log than plainsawing and is therefore more expensive. Quartersawn wood twists and cups less and wears more evenly. Riftsawn is similar to quartersawn, but the cut is made at a slightly different angle. Plain Sawn and Quarter Sawn Wood Flooring Materials

4. Pre-finished wood flooring
Pre-finished flooring is factory sanded and finished flooring that only needs installation. Comes in many colours, species and sizes.

5. Unfinished wood flooring Unfinished flooring is a product that must be job-site sanded, stained if desired, and finished after installation. This has been the American staple in hardwood floors for many years. Commonly called "Strip flooring", this product has not changed for many years as to size, cuts & grades. A 3/4" thick unfinished strip floor can be sanded from four(4) to six(6) times in it's lifetime.